>>> What is Jewellery and when was it first introduced?
Jewelry _ Most Amazing Ornament of the world
As we say “Jewellery” We all know that it derives from the word “ jewel “ which means precious stones and in all together jewelry is a combination of all such precious stones fixed together to form a beautiful creation of design and turn it into an outstanding precious ornament.
Well, when it comes to jewelry we do like to visit the past histories behind it!
So let’s have a quick look at the ancient history of Indian jewelry.
Jewelry can be made of various materials such as gems, beads, shells, pearls, diamonds, gold, and so on. But in ancient times, the most famous jewelry were the beads and gems which are still found and recognized as the most precious stones. No doubt that there were various types of materials but there were even some social comments or beliefs about these ornaments.
History Of Ancient Jewellery
** Indus Valley Civilization :
During Indus valley civilization, India was a large manufacturer of beads to the world.
As we all know Indus valley civilization had a great impact on the traditional art of India and all the discoveries of ornaments were made of gold, copper, silver, ivory, and beads.
Diamond was also a great invention of India and was then taught to the romans.
The people or craftsmen during that period used very beautiful semi-precious materials like turquoise, bands and gave a fine finishing to the ornaments by including gold and patterns.
Indus Valley Civilization’s people were the first to explore the craft of jewelry making.
They made jewelry out of all the possible and impossible materials one could think of during that time.
You can have a look at the necklace from Mohenjo-Daro on display at the jewellery gallery of the National Museum in Delhi.
They not only created jewellery sets but even bracelets, bangles, ear ornaments, rings, brooches and so on. Ornaments were not only created for women but men as well. They used to decorate themselves with beautiful precious stones and materials.
** Beliefs :
Now let’s have a look at the traditional beliefs people have in India.
Ancient Indian Jewellery
Well, in India ornaments are not only worn by girls or women just to look beautiful but there are some really amazing scientific and traditional beliefs as well.
Each jewellery has a lot of value attached to it. Jewellery in India also symbolizes power, wealth and good status in the society.
The significance of indian traditional jewellery-
Let’s start with maangtika, it’s the most beautiful ornament to wear at the center of the head
where the hook is at the end. The center part symbolizes preservation whereas the hook is used to hold the center part or the maangtika.
Another amazing ornament nath, Nath is such an important part of jewellery without nath a married women’s look seems incomplete. And it is believed that women with nose piercing experience less pain during the child’s birth. It has scientific and many religious beliefs attached to it.
It is also said that it prevents women from being hypnotized. Its available in various sizes, color, and material.
Let’s come one step closer to our next part of jewellery and that is necklace !!
Yes, necklace also has some great and exciting beliefs. As we all know that necklaces are worn near the heart, it is said that it controls emotions and strengthens one’s love.
Necklaces are believed to prevent and protect women from evil eye and also believed as a good luck.
Necklaces from ancient times are being made from various kinds of materials such as beads, gold, pearls, diamonds and so on, with some really unique pieces.
Bangles play an important role in women’s life! Let’s have a look at it.
Bangles are the cheapest and easily available ornament. It is worn by both poor and rich as it is so easy to afford it. There are a variety of bangles available starting from metals to pearls, wooden to glass, lac to gold and so on. Its available in various colors and sizes as well with some really beautiful and intricate designs.
The sound of bangles shows the presence of a woman who is seeking attention. Scientifically, it is proven that bangles increase and helps in blood circulation.
Maharaja’s time jewelry
Now, let’s go back in time like 2000 Years ago and see what specialization in ornaments or designs had been occurred. As we know, Maharaja’s royalty and precious ornaments always go hand in hand. Indian Royal Families are known to have an amazing and massive collection of indian jewelry & precious stones. Back in history, it’s not easy to classify the wealth they had.
No doubt that the maharajas at ancient times had some unique and really stunning jewelry such as the Maharaja of Nawanagar (Maharaj of Gujrat) had this really amazing diamond necklace made from 17 rectangles shaped emeralds which weighed almost 277 carats.
Maharaj Bhupinder Singh
Maharaja Bhupinder Singh flaunted in an amazing serpech, an accessory for the turban. The look of the serpech was so unique it was made up of gems and stones and was auctioned for approximate $1,70,000. The serpech also holds a historic importance as British were not allowed to wear it in their own british-style.
Maharani of patiala
Another stunning jewel was worn by Maharani of Patiala in 1931. The necklace was blended with six layers of ruby with diamonds and pearls at the end. It was a lavish and stunning design. It was actually gifted by Maharaja Bhupinder Singh to his wife Bhakhtawar Kaur Sahiba.
Maharaj Duleep Singh
We can even see some strong imprints of royal indian jewellery in the portrait of Maharaja Duleep Singh, the last maharaja of the sikh empire.
He wore an astonishing serpech with diamonds studded right at the center of the turban. It looked absolutely stunning and royal.
Necklace of Bhupinder Singh
And last but not the least how can we ever forget the Patiala necklace made and wore by Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala back in 1928. The necklace almost had been made of platinum and 2930 diamonds, with five rows of stunning diamond, encrusted platinum chains and astonishing gems. The main focus was on the central cushion cut pale yellow De Beers diamond that is, World’s Seventh largest.
But unfortunately, the necklace is now a mystery as it had been disappeared after 20 years of its invention. Well, some of the parts of the necklace were later found in London and Cartier had brought the incomplete necklace back as it was his highest single commissioned jewellery.
We can now only feel proud of our indian heritage and rich history.
Well, whenever we talk about indian historic places or indian history of jewelleries it can never end easily as there are various histories behind each jewel that have been invented in India.
**Strong Imprints of ancient jewellery can be still seen in popular classical dance performances like Kuchipudi, Kathak or Bharatnatyam
Well, Yes that’s 100% true! Such rich classical dance forms still adorn ancient indian jewellery.
The Dance performers of these super amazing dance forms showcase real indian heritage and they adorn themselves with these beautiful indian jewelleries which almost has an ornament for each part of the body. The dance form itself is so pure form of indian culture,
it beautifully depicts our indian culture and the indian jewellery worn by these performers are like a cherry on the top.
Indian traditional jewellery highlights the beauty of indian women.
Well, We have come to an end of our journey of the history of indian traditional jewellery.
We will come back soon with some really amazing topics and will try to cherish the moment of Indian Jewellery.
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